Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning

Monitoring & Evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) has many purposes; including reporting to donors, assessing risk, reporting to the local people or learning how to improve peacebuilding efforts.  Learning should be central to all monitoring and evaluation.

M&E can focus on learning about the effectiveness and impact of a policy, project or programs, assessing changes in the local context, monitoring the theories of change used in a peacebuilding effort, or assessing the impact of the policy, project, or program on the local context.

The process can include the following elements:

Ideally, monitoring takes on four dimensions, detailed below. This includes a system-wide monitoring and evaluation of the outputs of a specific project, a group of projects and programs by multiple organizations, the outcome focusing on a particular sub-region or sector within a society (such a training journalists in conflict-sensitive reporting), and changes in and impacts on the conflict-affected context or a system-wide approach. 

Indicators or Benchmarks


Intended and Actual Outcomes

Intended and Actual Impacts

How will you measure change?

What activities actually took place, how many people were involved, etc.?

What are the desired direct effects of the effort?

What were the actual effects?

What did you learn about the system?

What will the change look like if you are successful?

What were the actual impacts?

What did you learn about the system?

The book provides a variety of examples of indicators for measuring changes.

Data Collection strategies

Anonymous mechanisms: Provide anonymous mechanisms for collecting information and complaints from local people where people may risk their safety or experience some sort of political, social or economic harm from sharing their perspectives on a peacebuilding effort.

Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups: Develop mechanisms to hear perspectives from vulnerable and marginalized groups.

Conflict Diaries: Provide a notebook or conflict diary to help community members identify day-to-day challenges that could increase conflict and ideas for project redesign to address local tensions.

Transparency Boards or Announcements: Put up a board to state the goals, activities and funding as a way of informing community members. Radio announcements, emails or SMS text message may also be used to heighten local knowledge and ownership of a project, along with a phone number or email for people to share ideas or to make complaints ensures that communication channels with the community are open.

Vigilance Committees: Create a structured mechanism to monitor and evaluate the impact of a project on those not directly involved. A vigilance committee made up of community members not involved in the project receives training in supervising and oversight. The group then provides day-to-day monitoring and offers feedback on whether the project is carried out as intended in the planning documents and records the positive and negative impacts of the project on the community.

Community Meetings: Project partners meet with local government officials, other civil society organizations, the Vigilance Committee and the public to share bills and vouchers for project expenses, to hear any grievances or complaints and to discuss the outcomes and impact of the project.[ii]


DM&E for Peace is a website devoted to the Design, Monitoring and Evaluation of Peacebuilding efforts.

[i] Adapted from The Conflict Sensitivity Consortium. “How to Guide to Conflict Sensitivity.” 

Website Builder